History of Hong Kong PHAB Association
Mrs. Robinson visited Hong Kong : The beginning of PHAB Movement in Hong Kong
The ideas of PHAB (stands for Physically Handicapped and Able-Bodied) was originated from the United Kingdom in 1950s, symbolizing the meaning of persons with and without disabilities participating the community equally. In the 1970s, the founder of the UK PHAB Association, Ms. Mary Robinson, introduced the concept of "Opportunity Not Pity" to Hong Kong.
The Establishment of the Hong Kong PHAB Association
The concept was further consolidated and eventually Hong Kong PHAB Association was established on 19th October 1972, responsible for the overall coordination and promotion of PHAB work within the community. The missions of the Association are to promote equal participation, mutual respect and integration for persons with and without disabilities; to develop diversified and socially desirable services and activities, and to transform the "PHAB Integration" from a work approach to a lifestyle, so that the general public could embrace the concept of "PHAB Integration" in their everyday life.
The founder of the UK PHAB Association, Ms Mary Robinson, introduced the PHAB Integration concept of "Opportunity Not Pity" to Hong Kong during her visit.
The Rehabilitation and Youth group of the Hong Kong Council of Social Service set up a working group on PHAB Integration.
Hong Kong PHAB Association was established on 19th October 1972, responsible for the overall coordination and promotion of PHAB work within the community.
The first PHAB Centre was established at Sheung Lee Uk Tsuen in Sham Shui Po.In October, the Association was approved by the Hong Kong Inland Revenue Department as a charity.
The first PHAB Club of the Association was established.Y's Men's Club of Hong Kong donated the first 13-seats Mini Bus to the Association.
The "PHAB Volunteer Group" was established.The second PHAB Centre was officially put into service in Chai Wan.In April, the Association began to receive subvention from the Social Welfare Department.
On 11th October 1977, the Association registered as a limited company.
The third PHAB Centre - Lam Tin PHAB Centre was officially opened.
In April, Lady Maclehose Centre in Pokfulam was officially opened.
In July, the fourth PHAB Centre in the Pok Fu Lam PHAB Camp - Hong Kong West PHAB Centre was officially launched.
In February, the Gregory Memorial PHAB Library at the Lam Tin PHAB Centre was officially opened.
In April, Sham Shui Po PHAB Centre in Sheung Lee Uk Tsuen was relocated to Lai Kok Estate in Sham Shui Po – the present premise of the Centre.
In September, Dr. Deng Pufang led the China Foundation for Disabled Persons to visit Hong Kong for the first time and opened the window for exchanges with the Mainland.
Inauguration of the Family Life Education Program and set up the only group in Hong Kong to provide sex and marriage counseling services for persons with disabilities.
In October, the Happy Marriage Service was inaugurated.
In February, Lam Tin PHAB Centre was relocated to the temporary office in Lower Wong Tai Sin Estate and renamed as the Kowloon East PHAB Centre.
During the year, the first large-scale international PHAB biweekly event was held in Hong Kong with representatives from mainland China, Taiwan, Macau, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Singapore, Malaysia and Hong Kong.
In April, the Department of PHAB Archives and Assessment was setup to be responsible for PHAB related studies.
In January, the Shatin Children & Youth Centre cum Reading Room was officially put into service to extend the PHAB Movement into the area of children and youth services.
In March, the new Kowloon East PHAB Centre was officially put into service.
In December, the Hall of Lady Maclehose Centre in Pokfulam was named Li Kwun Hung Memorial Hall in honor of the late Honorary President of PHAB - Mr Li Kwan Hung, JP.
In February, the Chai Wan PHAB Centre was relocated to Siu Sai Wan and renamed the Island East PHAB Centre.
In January, the Supported Employment Service Centre was officially established and a pottery workshop was set up to pioneer in the combination of skills in arts and employment for persons with disabilities.
In January, the Association's first Elderly Center, the Peng Chau Elderly Center, was put into service. It was later subvented by the Social Welfare Department to extend its services for young people, and was renamed the Peng Chau Elderly cum Children/Youth Centre.
In March, the Stanley Elderly Centre was put into service.In July, the Association was sponsored to operate the first "Summer Child Care Service for children with disabilities" in Hong Kong.
In October, the Wun Sha Elderly Center was put into service.
In August, the Association organized a contract signing ceremony of the "Heart and Bridge for PHAB Integation” Training Programme for the China Disabled Persons' Federation.
The Shatin Children & Youth Centre began to provide school social work service at the T.W.G.Hs. Yau Kum Yuen College.In the same year, the After School Care Programme was put into service.
In October, the Supported Employment Service Centre was subsidized by the Social Welfare Department to provide On-the-Job Training for persons with disabilities.
In April, the Shatin Children & Youth Centre was transformed into Shatin Integrated Service Centre for Children & Youth.
In October, the Sham Shui Po PHAB Center delivered a pioneering "Gait Training Program" for persons with physically disabilities.
In April, the Association upgraded the three Elderly Centres into two Neighborhood Elderly Centres and renamed them into the Stanley/Shek O Neighbourhood Elderly Centre and the Peng Chau Neighbourhood Elderly cum Children/Youth Centre respectively in response to the Re-engineering Scheme of the Community Support Services for the Elderly.
In June, the Supported Employment Service Centre was relocated to its office in Wan Tsui Estate.In July, the Association's first social enterprise - PHABulous Marketing Limited was established.
In October, the Supported Employment Service Centre launched the "Intensive Employment Assistance Project ".In November, the Association launched the second social enterprise - PHABulous Pest Control and Cleaning Limited.
In April, the department of Project Development was established to carry out new service plans launched by the Government and the Association's self-financed Physical Enhancement Programme.
In May, the Shatin Integrated Service Centre for Children & Youth completed the modernization project and was renamed as the Jockey Club Shatin Integrated Service Centre for Children and Youth.
In January, the Stanley/Shek O Neighbourhood Elderly Centre Ma Hang Estate Sub-office was officially put into service.
In October, the department of Community Support Services was set up. The Supported Employment Service Centre was subsidized by the Social Welfare Department to launch the “Sunnyway” - On the Job Training Programme for Young People with Disabilities.
In April, the "Gait Training Program" was expanded into the self-financing Physical Enhancement Centre.
In April, sponsored by the Community Chest, the Association launched the "Care for the Carers" programme to support caregivers of persons with physical disabilities on a case management basis.
In February, PHAB Institute was officially put into service.
In March, Hong Kong West PHAB Centre was moved to Kwong Fuk Estate in Tai Po, and renamed as New Territories PHAB Centre.
In April, the Association launched the " Project Life Force: Re-authoring the Life Story " to provide support services for persons with physical disabilities who have just left the hospital.
In October, sponsored by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust, the first fitness center for both persons with and without disabilities in Hong Kong – the Jockey Club PHAB Fitness Centre was opened.
In March, subvented by the Social Welfare Department, the Association officially opened its first supported hostel – the Unity Place.
In October, supported by the Fu Tak Iam Foundation Limited, the first mobile physiotherapy vehicle in Hong Kong - the “PHAB Express” was launched.
In April, with the support from the Community Chest, the Association launched the "STAR Project", a pilot project to enhance the independency and social participation of young people with Special Education Needs (SEN).
With sponsorship from the Community Chest, the Association launched the “Youth D.I.M.E.N.Sion” Project to provide a one-stop employment training program for youths with Special Education Needs (SEN).
In April, sponsored by the Community Chest, the Association launched the “Life Wish” Project, aiming to provide counseling and support services for hospital outpatients who become persons with physical disabilities because of illnesses or accidents and having emotional risks.
The two-year Pokfulam PHAB Camp Redevelopment Project was completed with the support of the Jockey Club Charities Trust. The camp was renamed the "Hong Kong PHAB Association Jockey Club PHAB Camp" and the Opening Ceremony of the Redeveloped Jockey Club PHAB Camp was held on 16th July.